Thursday, September 5, 2013

How to take care of orchids

Orchids are among the most beautiful and exotic flowers apartment.  If you know how to take care of them , you will always enjoy the beauty of these flowers.

How to care for an orchid ?

Well, let's start with the fact that growing orchids is much more difficult to grow than conventional home cacti, which can be watered once a week.  Orchid is a beauty, and all the beauty needs special attention, respect and care. If you have no experience of growing orchids, you should start with a phalaenopsis cultivation orchid, as this type of orchids with proper care, can bloom up to 6 months in a year , and he made the most suited for growing in the indoor environment.

Drafting of the substrate for planting orchids The main thing you need to remember when plant of orchids, is it epiphytic orchid?  You may ask, what does this mean ?  This indicates that orchid naturally grows on other plants, for example, trees. Knowing that, when grown should be aware that it is necessary not to plant orchids in the ground, and in a specially prepared substrate , it can be ready to buy at the store. This is done as follows : we take , the bark from a pine tree is boiled, dried, and after 2-3 days , the bark should be boiled again , so that it does not remain harmful pests that can harm the orchids. Clean boiled bark should be cut into pieces the size of which shall not exceed 1.5-2 cm. After all the pieces of pine bark thoroughly mix with small pieces of sphagnum moss , and a substrate for planting "magic" beauties ready.

Selection of the pot for orchids, let's talk about pot for orchids, it is not least in terms of the proper care of this plant. As recommended by experts, a pot for growing orchids should choose white or transparent, such pots are not hot from the sun, thus the roots will be in the best shape. For the cultivation of orchids, pots are best suited plastic, as the walls of a clay pot, the roots can grow orchids, and heavily injured during transplanting. At the bottom of each pot, you need to make holes, it's a very important point in the care of orchids, as the roots need ventilation, as well as in the substrate must not stagnate moisture.

Drainage and planting orchids. How and when planting a large number of plants at the bottom of the pot should be good drainage, so there was no standing water at the roots .  You can use small pieces of foam on the broken in 0.5 or 1 cm as a drain on the bottom of the pot. After it was laid drainage, should be laid over the previously -prepared substrate and can be planted orchid.  When planting orchids can not press down roots.  Once the plant has been placed in the center of the pot , you need to pour the rest on the edges of the substrate .  Transplant orchids should be no more frequently than once every three years.

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Transplanted orchids – How To

How to transplanting orchid? Are you need to do? Right, lets read this article. Orchids - a magnificent , delicate flowers .  If your lovely orchid suddenly became lethargic , and despite the fact that you have not changed anything , they have turned yellow leaves - maybe it's the time of transplant ?

Before transplanting orchids will be made , you need to check: do not go to the roots of the plants in growth.  To do this, shake the pot to make a few roots from the soil. If the roots of plants are bright green, then repot an orchid is impossible. If the roots are dark green or gray, it can be transplanted.

The first step is to water the orchid.  Then the roots will become more pliable. Then you need to carefully pull out the orchid out of the pot, gently cleansing the earth from the roots of the mixture. Inspect the root system and remove the sterile scissors all white, black and yellow roots - roots are sick. The cuts must always be sprinkled with ashes.  Thus treated plant leaves at night without pot , the roots have time to dry out a bit.

The next step - preparing the ground for the plant. To do this you need to mix moss, crushed coconut shells, pottery shards, foam and river sand. The resulting soil should be loose enough not sticky. It should not be delayed water.  In the first pot on the third poured a large drainage. Above the drainage - a little ground on which is placed and orchid. Holding the plant by the stem, you need to carefully fill the roots with soil, occasionally shaking the pot .  So the mixture evenly distributed in the root system. Compacted soil is not necessary.

After the transplant orchids watered and fertilize the soil is not necessary.  Pot of orchid transplanted should be placed in a shaded , humid place for three weeks.

Monday, September 2, 2013

Orchid Yellow Leaves with Brown Spots

Fusarium SPOT - is an infectious fungal disease caused by fungi of the genus are Musty Fusarium, most Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium verticillioides [syn.  Fusarium moniliforme]. Both the fungus is difficult to distinguish from each groomsman, not only by the symptoms of the disease ( sometimes they are ), but also through a microscope. Main honors in size microconidia ( in Fusarium verticillioides are larger map ) in length and Chains microconidia ( in Fusarium proliferatum it more longest ). Many laboratories do not even bother with a detailed analysis of the documents and put Fusarium sp.

yellow orchid brown spot This orchid disease is most typically Dendrobium ( and natural species and hybrids ), and typically falls within the collection therethrough. The second was at risk Hybrid Cattleya, come to us from Asian countries, where it is ( in fact ) from the same Dendrobium ( s) and become infected. On the other orchids, the most common in our collections, the infection in its pure form is rare, usually it is the application to another, such as viral.

They fall into the plant through wounds or lorchid eaf pores ( stomata ), and in the course of their livelihoods form mycotoxins.  For example, virtually all types of Fusarium form zearalenone (Zearalenon), and Fusarium verticillioides also MONILIFORMIN (Moniliformin), FUZARIN C (Fusarin C) and Fumonisin (Fumonisin B1), the latter also generated and Fusarium proliferatum.

Both the fungus can harm not only the outer part of the orchid plant, but the orchid root system, especially when you consider that the nature of the plant pots do not cover it, and readily show, opening all the winds.  However, the most typical are the same for all the leaves, stems and directly themselves FLOWERS ( BUDS ).

white orchid Very often in the literature, there is the statement of fusariosis that gives the characteristic red, red-brown or reddish-violet damage.  Yes!  That is, unless you are dealing with a natural view, for example, Cattleya dowiana orchid, where most of the action of fungi was observed initially. Now genetics has stepped so far that MEZHIVIDOVYE HYBRIDS number in the thousands, and the more namesheno different gene, the less chance you have to meet the red orchid. Stains can be yellow orchid, orange, brown, black with yellow rim and many others.  Color and shape of the spots is very strongly associated with the structure of the leaves, especially on plants of the genus Phalaenopsis, they can be very original, especially in form.  The growth of stain is not very fast, this is largely dependent on the conditions in which contains orchid.

If spots appear on young orchid leaves (and they are more susceptible than mature ) or on young shoots, their appearance and the number can change dramatically as aging.  For example, you may receive BLACK MIDDLE Etched or edging. When perfectly folded climatic conditions ( hot humid climate, the temperatures are not below 25 ° C and not higher than 32 ° C) the development of the disease may be so rapid that the spot you seem primordial black and a female.

On the colors, covers, orchid flower stalks and buds Fusarium blight, as a rule, always monotonous - it's brown sunken spots, usually very small, as points.  Reproduction of this fungus occurs with white, pink or purple Conidia ( for ease of understanding - similar to the seeds ), which will eventually appear in the affected areas. They are more conducive to the rapid emergence of humid climate and water ingress.

From orchid plant to plant by Fusarium proliferatum and Fusarium verticillioides can migrate and clothing, and by means of wind, water through spray irrigation, have not been carefully disinfected sharp objects ( knives, scissors ), insects, etc.  "Seeds " mushrooms is very hardy and can persist for over a year, or even two.

They can quietly lie somewhere in the innermost corner of the window sill, and you will not even suspect it, naively believing that the disease is damaged.  REMEMBER, even the most well- publicized of fungicides do not kill these mushrooms are completely, about 30 % remains, and it will be some time, they regain their weight, and will appear again, so never relax !  At least once every 2 weeks and wash window sill inside with cleaning agents, especially when you have a lot of orchids and pots are one to one.  Do not let the fungi actively restore their numbers, sooner or later they will be lime.

In view of the persistence of pathogens TREATMENT diseased orchids rather complex and depends on how many territories " conquered " mushroom.

As in any other orchid case, what else infection bolshne and suspicious plants should be isolated from the rest. All suspicious spots should be cut to healthy green tissue, it is best to reserve at least 1 cm cut point without fail disinfectant, it will not only help the wound scar faster, but also reduce the probability of getting the new " seed " of the same mushroom.  Agree, it will be very sad, cut one spot, but bring a new dose of pathogens. Fungicide is desirable to produce after the cleave edge of the wound, with select products, where at least mentioned in the instructions that they are fit against Fusarium fungi because this group is very tenacious!

In the near future (just do not fall and winter), try to transplant your orchid plant to a new substrate, as Fusarium fungi primarily soil-borne fungus that is where they are most readily and distributed. Discard the old medium, provarkoy or roasting (if infected) 100% but will not help anything ( any part ) will still remain that will get stronger and will create a new lesion.

Sunday, September 1, 2013

Enchanted orchid

It seems that nature has created these beautiful flowers especially for a person to be able to admire them . The varieties of orchids can be found in every corner of the world, except for the coldest areas . Therefore, only a person who is incapable to understand the beauty , does not want to decorate your home a beautiful orchid. Orchid is a symbol of the most valuable events in life - the beauty , luxury, feminine charm and harmony. We need only look to the correct shape of its petals, the original organization of the flower to become enamored with her ​​grace and tenderness, not ever.

Enchanted orchid
Everyone who brought this to his luxurious flower, knows that he immediately lit up his home in a new light , has created an atmosphere of comfort and well appointed guest room . Because of the tenderness and fragility of external orchids, it was felt that it is very fastidious and requires special care. In fact, caring for orchids quite complicated, you need to know a few simple rules , following which , the owner will enjoy the orchid flowers several times a year.

Especially nice to receive a gift of an orchid in a pot. This means that the person who gave the orchid care that the flower does not wither , and you remembered about his special relationship to you for many , many years . However, having received an orchid as a gift , you probably confused, not knowing how to take care of it . That's why we created this site for orchids . With us you will always be able to find helpful information on caring for orchids , learn how to water , fertilize and replant , and more. We hope to become your guide to the world of orchids and will do everything to make your flower does not cease to give you the exceptional beauty and positive emotions.